One of the finest historians of mathematics is Judith V. Grabiner, professor emerita of Pitzer College; here is a link to one of her thoughtful and widely informative articles, "The Centrality of Mathematics in the History of Western Thought," (originally published in Mathematics Magazine, 1988).
Toward the end of this article is a section with the header "Opposition." It opens with this statement:
The best proof of the centrality of mathematics is that
every example of its influence given so far
has provoked strong and significant opposition.
Grabiner includes the voices of poets among the resisters. She mentions Walt Whitman becoming "tired and sick" and leaving to look at the stars in "When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer" and quotes stanza from William Wordsworth's "The Tables Turned." Wordsworth's condemnation of learning as an opponent to nature ends with these stanzas:
Sweet is the lore which Nature brings;
Our meddling intellect
Mis-shapes the beauteous forms of things:—
We murder to dissect.
Enough of Science and of Art;
Close up those barren leaves;
Come forth, and bring with you a heart
That watches and receives.
Here is a link to a previous posting in this blog (from June 2015) featuring Judith Grabinger.